During the past few years, the State of Qatar has witnessed a rapid growth in population, accompanied by a strong economic expansion. This required the introduction of more developments and updates to the infrastructure of the land transport sector to support the various economic, industrial, and service sectors.
In light of the increasing importance of the land transport sector in enhancing the growth and competitiveness of the economy of the State of Qatar, the sector continues its efforts to develop advanced infrastructure in line with the objectives of the Qatar National Vision 2030. The state has allocated 95% of its huge investments in infrastructure to projects to regulate land transport with the aim of increasing the length of Highways to 8,500 km, in addition to the construction of 200 bridges and 30 new tunnels by 2020.
The Public Works Authority “Ashghal” was established in 2004 to oversee the planning, design, construction, and asset management process for all infrastructure projects, buildings, and public facilities in Qatar.
Ashghal’s main tasks include overseeing the design, construction, and management of major projects for roads, sanitation, and public buildings such as schools, hospitals, government buildings, and others.
The authority is a fundamental supporter of the economic and social development process to achieve the Qatar vision 2030, as the volume of projects that the authority will implement during the next five to seven years amounts to more than 100 billion Qatari riyals.
The Public Works Authority contributes to achieving the goals of Qatar National Vision 2030 by implementing programs and projects to develop infrastructure and public buildings in the country so that Qatar is one of the most advanced countries in the world in this field.
The authority manages and implements projects worth more than 100 billion Qatari riyals, and the Public Works Authority has adopted best practices in the field of infrastructure development and management and has used a strategic model for outsourcing and partnership with leading global bodies in the field of project management.
The Public Works Authority is currently working on a wide range of infrastructure programs across the country, including the expressways program that includes some of the largest highway projects in Qatar, and the local roads and drainage program that will provide many road and infrastructure projects in local areas, In addition to projects to modernize and establish sewage networks and stations, which will develop and expand the sanitation infrastructure to accommodate the expected population growth in the country. The Public Works Authority is also working on the construction of several public building projects, which include health care, education, and others, in coordination with the relevant ministries and public authorities.
It manages the asset sector affairs in the operation and maintenance of all road and drainage networks, which contain more than 1.2 million different assets.
The opening of the first phase of Hamad Port ahead of time and in light of the budget allocated to it represented a qualitative leap for the sector and strengthening its role in supporting the national economy, and work is currently underway on the opening of the second phase of this port, which will represent Qatar’s main gateway for trade with the world, thanks to what it enjoys. One of the most recent global systems and technologies that will enhance the logistical capacity, support the development of local industry, modernize the maritime handling services for imports and exports, increase the volume of maritime trade, and enhance the growth and diversification of the national economy.
In line with the goals of Qatar National Vision 2030, Hamad Port contributes to achieving economic diversification and improving the competitiveness of Qatar in the region by transforming it into a regional trade center. In addition to being an important addition to the ports of the State of Qatar, as its capacity reaches six million containers per year, after the completion and completion of all its stages.
Hamad Port includes a general cargo terminal with a capacity of 1.7 million tons per year, a grain terminal with a capacity of one million tons per year, a car reception station with a capacity of 500,000 cars per year, a station for receiving livestock, a terminal for coastal security ships, and a marine support and support station.
With future plans to develop transportation systems and their multiplicity at the regional level, Hamad Port will be linked to the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council with a network of land, sea, and railways, which will enable it to provide transshipment services at the highest international levels. Especially since the port is equipped with all modern security and safety measures, and includes a customs inspection area to speed up the clearance of goods, which is the most modern in the world, and the economic zone to be built, which will be intertwined with Hamad Port, will provide the necessary facilities to establish transformational industries, which will contribute to increasing Qatar’s non-oil exports.
In order to complete the Qatari ports development plans, the Ministry of Transportation and Communications launched the first phase of Ruwais Port in January 2015, and in early December of the same year, all wooden ships and vessels coming to the port of wooden ships from Doha Port to Ruwais Port were transferred to be a new interface that contributes to expanding Capabilities of the shipping sector to support the national economy.
In Doha Port, the waiting list for ships reached zero, while its capacity exceeded one million containers, in addition to the completion of clearance transactions for at least 800 containers per day. During 2015, security plans for the country’s ports and ports were also approved, and security certificates were issued for Ras Laffan, Mesaieed, Doha, Halul, and Ruwais ports.
In general, Qatar ports managed to acquire 23% of the goods in the Middle East and North Africa region, according to the latest international reports.
The State of Qatar seeks to achieve comprehensive development, which requires, in a major part, the provision and guarantee of a new, sustainable and efficient means of transportation for individuals and goods throughout the country. In light of this, Qatar Railways Company (Qatar Rail) was established in 2011 under an Emiri decision stipulating that the company shall assume the responsibility of designing and developing the country’s railway network and then managing, operating and maintaining it upon completion.
Qatar Rail develops successful solutions to transportation challenges in Qatar through its three mega projects, namely:
- Doha Metro: a sophisticated railway network, most of which extends underground, to connect communities within the capital, Doha, and its suburbs.
- Lusail Tram: A tram network that provides a convenient and convenient means of transportation within the New Lusail City.
- Long-distance railway: It will link the cities of the North and the West to Doha, and it will be part of the planned railway network in the countries of the Cooperation Council for the Arab Gulf States.
Once all projects are completed by 2030, these three networks will form a single and integrated transportation system, allowing passengers to easily move between them.