National features of Qatar

The State of Qatar is an independent and sovereign state in the Middle East.
Since its complete independence from Britain in 1971, Qatar has emerged as one of the most important oil and gas producers in the world. It is an Islamic country in which laws and customs comply with Islamic law. His Highness Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani has assumed the reins of government in the country since 2013.

Location

The State of Qatar is a peninsula located in the center of the western coast of the Arabian Gulf, with a width of about 100 km and a length of 200 km in the Gulf.
Qatar contains many islands, the largest of which are: Halul, Shira’uh, and Al-Ashat. The State of Qatar borders Saudi Arabia on its southern borders as well as Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, and Iran on the seaside.

population

2.5 million people.

Religion

Islam

Capital

Doha.

main cities

Doha, Mesaieed, Al Khor, Dukhan, Ruwais, Al Wakrah, North, Ras Laffan.

regime

A constitutional hereditary principality

The language

Arabic is the main language, and English is the most used.

Timing

The local time is GMT +3, and there is no change in the winter/summer time.

the climate

Qatar is distinguished by its desert climate, with hot summers and mild winters. The average monthly temperature ranges from 17 degrees Celsius in January to 36 degrees Celsius in July and sometimes reaches more than 40 degrees Celsius during the summer months. Rain falls intermittently and for short periods during the winter.

National flag

The color of the national flag of the State of Qatar is the dark red color (burgundy), and at the second end of its tip is white, and the separation between them is in the form of a line composed of nine triangular ends for each of the two colors.

Public holidays

Fridays and Saturdays

National Day: December 18th (annually)

National Sports Day: The second Tuesday in February of every year

Eid al-Fitr

Eid al-Adha

work hours

Work starts every week from Sunday to Thursday, and most offices and companies are closed on Fridays and Saturdays.

Ministries and Authorities: from 7 am to 2 pm.

Private companies and institutions: from 8 am to 12 noon, from 4 pm to 8 pm.

Banks: from 7:30 a.m. to 1 p.m.

the currency

The monetary currency of Qatar is the Qatari Riyal, referred to as (QR or QAR). The exchange rate is fixed, as the US dollar equals 3.64 Qatari riyals. Automated teller facilities are located in many places, and most malls and restaurants handle major credit cards.

Customs laws

The permissible limit for cigarettes: 400 cigarettes.

Personal purchases and gifts are allowed with a maximum value of 3000 Qatari riyals.

Imports of alcohol and drugs are prohibited.

medical care

There are no major health risks and no special vaccinations required from visitors. The standard of healthcare in Qatar is generally high. There are many well-equipped pharmacies throughout Doha, and staff who speak English. And some pharmacies receive their customers around the clock.

Safety

Qatar is characterized by being one of the countries with a low incidence of crime. It is a safe destination with religious and political stability, where citizens live in security and peace. Although regular precautions should be taken, there is nothing to stop visitors from wandering around any part of the city.

Visitors with special needs

Major hotels, airports, commercial centers, banks, and new or newly renovated public buildings provide wheelchair entrances, toilets suitable for people with special needs and dedicated car parks, but visitors with special needs are advised to check the availability of these services in other locations.

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