Qatar is located in the heart of the Arabian Gulf, which is a melting pot of old and new.
In 2019, Qatar topped Forbes’ list of the richest countries in the world, as a result of its oil and natural gas reserves. The country has one of the highest standards of living, and it is one of the fastest-growing economies in the world.
According to the Qatar Planning and Statistics Authority, the population of Qatar reached 2.7 million in 2020
Qataris are known for their generosity and kindness. Qatar has a rich Arab culture that reflects on its many customs and traditions. Although Arabic is the official language, English is the most common language.
The Islamic influence can be seen in Qatari society and is evident in clothing, eating, and drinking.
In Qatar, high-quality healthcare is provided, free or heavily subsidized, to all citizens and residents.
Qatar is investing heavily in improving the quality of its healthcare services.
To achieve this vision, the Supreme Council of Health in Qatar has implemented five standards that build the foundation of the Qatar National Vision 2030.
Qatar is one of the safest countries in the world, it ranks 30th out of 163 countries in the Global Peace Index, and it’s the highest in the region.
Violent incidents are rare in Qatar and crime rates are generally low. The Qatari Police Force is very visible and is able to provide a high level of security.
Confidence in Qatar’s political and security environment has been affirmed by the country that obtained the rights to host the 2022 FIFA World Cup.
Education has been a major focus of the Qatari government in recent years, with a special focus on educating women.
Every child receives free education from nursery through high school, and there are a large number of private and international schools.
In addition, Qatar Foundation’s Education City, which was established as a center of educational excellence, houses world-class universities from the United States, the United Kingdom, and France.
Qatar follows a policy of compulsory education until the end of the primary stage. The Supreme Education Council, established by Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani and the Ministry of Education, manages and directs education at all levels, from pre-school to university.
Qatar has invested heavily in research. In 2006, it established the Qatar National Scientific Research Fund (QNRF) to support the development of a research culture in Qatar. In 2017, Qatar allocated more than $ 1,250 million to finance and encourage research and development, by financing local and international researchers through the Qatar National Research Fund.
In 2017, Qatar’s GDP growth rate was 1.90 and its per capita GDP was $ 66,415, which is the highest in the world during this period. The country is the second-largest exporter of natural gas in the world – the export of oil and gas accounts for about 50% of Qatar’s GDP. In addition, the country is deliberately investing in other industries, notably the financial and tourism sector, as well as infrastructure, aviation and utilities. The country has become a major international hub for sporting events and energy. The successful bid to host the 2022 FIFA World Cup has raised Qatar’s global profile and will attract a large number of tourists to the country.
Geography and weather
Qatar is a peninsula surrounded by the Arabian Gulf and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The land is basically flat and desert.
Doha is the capital of the State of Qatar and the seat of government. Other major cities in Qatar are Al Wakrah, which is famous for its ancient Islamic architecture, and Mesaieed, which is known for its beautiful sandy beaches. And Dukhan, the center for onshore oil production.
Qatar’s climate is characterized by mild winters and hot summers. . Autumn and spring are warm with maximum temperatures between 25 – 35 ° C, and summer (June to September) is hot with temperatures reaching 40 ° C and above.
Food and drinks
Hospitality is an authentic pillar of Qatari culture, and food and drink are an important part of hospitality. Generally, dates and Arabic coffee are served to guests as part of the local hospitality.
Importing pork products is illegal in Qatar and Muslims must consume meat slaughtered according to Islamic law, which is referred to as “halal”. Alcoholic beverages are served in five-star hotels for foreigners and may be available for consumption at home after obtaining a special permit.
According to Islamic law, Qatari women usually cover their heads with a cover known as the “hijab.” When leaving the house, they wear the “abaya,” which is a long black robe that is worn over the woman’s clothes. In some cases, women choose to wear a niqab that leaves the eyes only visible. Most Qatari men wear the “thobe”, a white jacket-like garment that reaches the ankle, with a hood called “ghutra”.
Western dress is widely popular and is the norm in Qatar for most people, but it is recommended to wear it discreetly.
Live in Qatar for women
Initiatives led by His Highness Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, the Father Emir, and Sheikha Moza bint Nasser, have ensured that women are granted full rights, including voting, leadership, and work rights. Qatar’s labor law stipulates that women should have equal opportunities in wages, training, and promotion to perform similar duties.
Many Muslim women choose to wear the hijab. In respect of culture, it is recommended that women cover their shoulders and not wear shorts, short dresses above the knee, or transparent fabrics. Qatar is an Islamic society and many women choose to stick to this tradition. In general, there is widespread respect and appreciation for ethnic, religious, and cultural differences.
There is a wide range of entertainment options in Qatar, for adults and children alike. The mild climate makes outdoor leisure activities very popular – from day trips to the mangrove swamps on Qatar’s northern shore to enjoying one of Qatar’s white sandy beaches. For those interested in indoor activities, there are amusement parks, shopping centers, and cinema complexes. For those interested in nightlife, there are many bars, restaurants, and nightclubs. Many international brands are available in the malls, which makes foreigners residing in Qatar feel at home.
The Qatar Philharmonic Orchestra, Katara Cultural Village, The Pearl, and the annual Doha Tribeca Film Festival are just a few of Qatar’s many cultural attractions.
International sporting events
Qatar hosts many international sporting events throughout the year, including the tennis tournaments, the annual Qatar Masters Golf Championship, and the Qatar Marathon, and has previously hosted the Asian Olympic Games, the AFC Asian Football Confederations Cup, and the 2019 World Athletics Championships. The country is now preparing for the 2022 FIFA World Cup ™.
Art and architecture
Qatar is characterized by a dynamic and energetic art scene. The work of local and international artists is displayed across the country in art galleries and public spaces. The world-famous Museum of Islamic Art in Qatar, designed by the famous architect I. Mother. Was established in 2008 and houses an impressive collection of Islamic artifacts and Arab art.
Work and business
It is estimated that approximately 12% of the population are Qatari citizens, which means that around 88% of the population are expatriates. The standard workweek runs from Sunday to Thursday, and working hours vary according to each organization, but the official working hours are from 7:30 to 15:30.